Araştırma | Research

Monitoring and modeling of urban development in Igneada Protected Area

As environmental problems rise to global level, ecologically important areas are declared as “protected” with different conservation status; however, change in these areas is inevitable during time. The changes are attributable to the impact of nearby urbanization on the functioning of these sensitive ecosystems. Elaboration of historical urban development plays an important role in understanding the types of pressures these sensitive ecosystems are being subjected to. Detection of change plays an important role, also, in modeling upcoming land cover/use patterns that will prevail in protected areas as a result of different development scenarios. Detection of land use change and modeling for future enable sustainable resource management. Thus, the use of remote sensing and GIS technology has been increasing in this regard last 25 years. The protection efforts in our nation exclusively put an emphasis on the preparation of management plans and master plans for our national parks lately. During the planning process, the latest technology and state of the art is used as well as involvement of stake holders. İğneada National park, one of the latest national parks of Turkey, is one example of this. Igneada’s mangrove forests are one of the important protected areas of Turkey. Because the area houses sensitive ecosystems, the parts of it were previously protected as Nature Protection Park, Natural Site, and Wildlife Protection Area. In order to promote a wider scale (3155ha) comprehensive protection, the area has been announced as a national park by the Board of Ministers in 11/03/2007. Despite its ecological sensitivity and importance, the İğneada area has been under serious threats such as ISKI project and supplying drinking water to Istanbul, an harbour project, and a coastal road project. The announcement of the national park is expected to contribute to the sustainable development of the area. In addition, great variety of urban pressures is evident in the area such as expansion of summer houses on and around wetlands, increasing recreational uses on coastal line (mainly off-road racing), and wetland pollution due to sewage. These ongoing pressures and their consequences should be taken into account for sustainable management of İğneada protection area. Thus, this proposal intends to contribute to the sustainable resource use in İğneada through landscape ecology and latest technology approach.

Esbah, H., Yıldızcı, A. C., Türkoğlu, H., Terzi, F., Güler, G. (2010- present) (COST-110Y015)

 

A Methodology Proposal to Landscape Identify Identity Indice of Rural Settlement- Aegean Region Case

Rural settlements differ from urban environment by the factors such as population size and density, economic activities and quality of natural environment. Compare with the urban areas in terms of size and diversity of economic activities and the heterogeneity of social structure, rural settlements are relatively more homogenous, small and represents variety in terms of compliance with nature and diversity of natural environment. Global market requirements, technological innovations, development in communication and information technologies, urbanization process and changes in lifestyles of contemporary society appear as the main drivers of change of urban and rural environment. Urban areas respond to those changes by the reorganization of the spatial setting with new functions whereas the effects of those changes in rural areas would be more dramatic that lead the loss of local characteristics. Overall effects of all of those changes can be observed from the landscape quality of settlements. This process is called landscape change to represent the changes observed in traditional landscapes by the integration of new functions. Within this process the balance between urban-rural has changed in a way in which urban character become more prominent that lead the emergence of hybrid typologies polarized between rural and urban areas. Controlling the pace of this change and protection of the landscape identity of rural areas has recently been recognized as an important constituting part of developing international policies. This situation has been emphasized with respect to new amendments in World Heritage Convention (which is approved in 1972 and changed to include cultural landscapes) and European Landscape Convention (2000) with an emphasis on landscapes as an international policy instrument. As a general trend rural settlements are approached like an urban areas with the same parameters and the same aspects. The qualities and quantities, that make the settlement distinctive, should be taken into consideration to protect the unique structure of the settlement and to control the mode of development to make it compatible with the identity o the settlement. Identity based concepts are tend to be descriptive and based on qualitative researches. It is believed that a new approach is needed to identify the landscape identity components and to assess the level of contribution of the component to create an identifiable landscape by using quantitative methods. The aim of this research is to propose a quantitative method to identify the components of landscape identity of rural settlements and examine the spatial distribution of those identity components within a defined geography. Aegean region is selected as the case study of the research with its rich rural pattern defined by the combination of diverse geomorphology, unique rural architectural character, climatic conditions, rural economy and socio-cultural structures. With this respect, different from the urban identity studies, it is proposed that the features that is represented as “rural settlement identity” should be evaluated in detail and in a holistic manner in the light of “rural landscape identity” concept.

Erdem Kaya, M., Kaya, H.S., Terzi, F., Alkay, E. (2014-2017) (Tübitak 114O369)[Kırsal Yerleşim Peyzaj Kimlik İndeksinin Belirlenmesine Yönelik Yöntem Önerisi – Ege Bölgesi]
Erdem, M., Kaya, S., Terzi, F. ,Tolunay, D., Balçık, F.B, Alkay, E (2014-2017). 

 

İstanbul Kültürel Miras Alanlarında Mevcut Sosyo-Ekonomik Araştırmaların Coğrafi Kodlama Tekniği İle Mekânsallaştırılarak Mekânsal Analiz ve Sentezlerin Üretilmesi ve Eylem Alanlarının Tespit Edilmesi
Terzi, F. (2017). İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

 

İklim Değişikliği Eylem Planı Kapsamında Kültür, Turizm ve Ticaret Sektörü için İklim Değişikliği Risk, Fırsat ve Kırılganlıkları Çalışması
Terzi, F. ve Türkoğlu, H. (2017). Mavi Danışmanlık, İSTAÇ ve İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

 

İstanbul’da Tarihi ve Kültürel Miras Alanlarında Potansiyel Meydanların Belirlenmesi
Terzi, F., Seçkin, Y. Ç., Gürler, E.E., Kaya, H.S., Yılmaz, M., Okumuş D.E (2016). ARGE-Tasarım Projesi, İBB Kültürel Miras Koruma Müdürlüğü & İTÜNOVA Teknoloji AŞ.

 

Mekânsal Risklerin Yönetiminde Ekolojik Planlama Odaklı Katılımcı Planlama Modelinin Geliştirilmesi
Tezer, A., Okay, N., Uzun, O., Terzi, F., Köylü, P., Karaçor, E.K. (2015-2018). TÜBİTAK ARDEB 1001 Projesi. Proje No: 115K475

 

Fiziksel Aktiviteyi Teşvik Edici Yapılaşmış Çevre Etmenleri İle Obeziteyi Önlemek: İlköğretim Öğrencilerinde Okula Yürüyerek Erişim
Özbil, A.T. (Yürütücü), Terzi, F (Danışman) (2014-2016) . TÜBİTAK-3501 Kariyer Projesi, Proje No: 113K796.

 

Gaziosmanpaşa İlçesi’nde Güvenli Yerleşim için Mekânsal Risk Yönetim Kapasitesinin Geliştirilmesi
Kadıoğlu, M., Okay, N., Tezer, A., Terzi, F. (2016). GOP Belediyesi & İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

 

Mekânsal Büyümenin Planlama Destek Sistemleri Yardımıyla Senaryo Tabanlı Modellenmesi: Sakarya Örneği
Terzi, F. (2015) . İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi.

 

İstanbul’da Yaşam Kalitesinin Ölçülmesi
Türkoğlu H., Terzi, F., Şeker, M., Taylan, H., Şar, A.H (2014). 2014 yılı Yenilikçi Mali Destek Programı ISTKA Projesi, İBB-Yaşam Kalitesi İzleme Merkezi ve İstanbul Kalkınma Ajansı, Proje No: YEN/0060.

 

URBAN-NET Urban Resilience and Sustainable Urban Development for Ecosystem Services
Tezer, A., Şen, Ö.L., Türk, Ş.Ş., Terzi, F. (2011-2014). Sweden, The Netherlands, Turkey, funded by EU Urban NET. [Kentsel Dayanıklılık ve Ekosistem Servisleri için Sürdürülebilir Kent Planlama başlıklı URBAN-NET projesi-110K350].

 

Assessment of Physical Landscape Identity Components of Rural Settlements of Bodrum Peninsula

Turkey has a great variety reflected in its cultural landscapes emerged through the combination of diverse climatic, geographic, socio-cultural and ethnic structure. The most prominent indicator of this variety is the rural settlements with its unique structure based on local values. Those diversity and differences make the country very suitable for identity based concepts and approaches. However, the number of studies and researches focusing on the identification of those unique characteristic and spatial analysis are limited. As a general trend rural settlements are approached like an urban areas with the same parameters and the same aspects. The qualities and quantities, that make the settlement distinctive, should be taken into consideration to protect the unique structure of the settlement and to control the mode of development to make it compatible with the identity o the settlement. The aim of this study is to asses the identity features of rural settlements of Bodrum Peninsula and provide strategies in order to protect and enhance the identity. The research is based on the idea that the landscape identity of a rural settlement can be undersatnd through investigation of two main components; physical and social and focused on physical landscape identity components of rural settlements of Bodrum Peninsula.

Erdem Kaya, M., Kaya, H.S., Terzi, F., (İTÜ BAP NO 37520) 

 

GAUS: Gaining additional urban space

This Project aims to develop an automated system with which urban and landscape planners can make more efficient decision when assigning land use to open spaces. The significance of the study comes in the form of creating a transferale rule set to use in any urban context in the world. In order to develop this tool, this research used Istanbul and Berlin as a training sites, and then the tool was applied to Bochum case for testing its utility. The research team first classified the high resolution ikonos images of training sites and applied the decision tree to Bochum. The result was a very high accuracy classification in both the training and testing sites. Meanwhile, a group of experts have developed the criteria and their rating for multi criteria analysis of land use decision making. The final stage included the creation of the automated systems of land use determination for each potential open space through a MATLAB procedure. The model pursued smart growth approach and hence onserving compact development which respects sensitive ecosystems such as wetlands and forests in the study sites. Even though the tool was generated in the Turkish and German context it has a potential to be utilized in any urban situation all around the world.

Maktav, D., Sunar, F. Esbah, H., Baycan, T. (2009-2012) (INTEN-C BMBF project- 108Y247), (German Team: Sigmund, A. and Jurgens, C.)