“Trans-making” – Art, Culture, Economy to Democratize Society: Research in Placemaking for Alternative Narratives

This Marie Skłodowska-Curie scheme aims at promoting international and inter-sector collaboration through research and innovation staff exchanges. It also encourages knowledge sharing and bringing ideas from research to market. RISE enables international and intersectoral collaboration, based on short-term staff exchanges between organisations worldwide. “Trans-making”, as a Horizon 2020 Marie Curie RISE research and innovation programme of international cross-sectoral secondments, is a 4-year project that brings together a global network of 30 partners from academia and civic institutions (from Europe, Africa and the Americas) to design initiatives that will democratize the society through culture. As a multilateral network of research and innovation staff active in the fields of placemaking/place-based art activities as a space to create alternative narratives for social, economic and democratic renewal, it will foster exchange knowledge and to design and experiment with novel initiatives that will contribute to greater societal well-being and democratisation of the society. The specific objectives are: to investigate into and enhance place-making and place-based arts initiatives as spaces hosting alternative narratives for social, economic and democratic renewal; to foster connection between art and new technologies; to strengthen entrepreneurial skills of artists and creatives, and enhance their risk-taking and innovation capabilities; to contribute to education and empowerment of individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds through place-basted arts initiatives. Utilising existing networks of the involved partners, the project will foster a better understanding and knowledge sharing between scientific community, stakeholders and policy-makers. ITU researchers will go on research visits in various countries throughout the 37-month duration of the project. Total fund is EUR 1 858 500, EUR 175.000 of which is allocated to ITU.

Horizon 2020, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Research and Innovation Staff Exchange Programme (MSCA-RISE) H2020-MSCA-RISE-2016, Project ID: 734855, Funded under: H2020-EU.1.3.3. Stimulating innovation by means of cross-fertilisation of knowledge, Duration: 1 January 2017–31 December 2020 [Erkök, M. (ITU team coordinator), Gunay, Z., Kaya, Ç., Demir, Y., Haşlakoğlu, O., Örnek, M.A.]

Monitoring and modeling of urban development in Igneada Protected Area

As environmental problems rise to global level, ecologically important areas are declared as “protected” with different conservation status; however, change in these areas is inevitable during time. The changes are attributable to the impact of nearby urbanization on the functioning of these sensitive ecosystems. Elaboration of historical urban development plays an important role in understanding the types of pressures these sensitive ecosystems are being subjected to. Detection of change plays an important role, also, in modeling upcoming land cover/use patterns that will prevail in protected areas as a result of different development scenarios. Detection of land use change and modeling for future enable sustainable resource management. Thus, the use of remote sensing and GIS technology has been increasing in this regard last 25 years. The protection efforts in our nation exclusively put an emphasis on the preparation of management plans and master plans for our national parks lately. During the planning process, the latest technology and state of the art is used as well as involvement of stake holders. İğneada National park, one of the latest national parks of Turkey, is one example of this. Igneada’s mangrove forests are one of the important protected areas of Turkey. Because the area houses sensitive ecosystems, the parts of it were previously protected as Nature Protection Park, Natural Site, and Wildlife Protection Area. In order to promote a wider scale (3155ha) comprehensive protection, the area has been announced as a national park by the Board of Ministers in 11/03/2007. Despite its ecological sensitivity and importance, the İğneada area has been under serious threats such as ISKI project and supplying drinking water to Istanbul, an harbour project, and a coastal road project. The announcement of the national park is expected to contribute to the sustainable development of the area. In addition, great variety of urban pressures is evident in the area such as expansion of summer houses on and around wetlands, increasing recreational uses on coastal line (mainly off-road racing), and wetland pollution due to sewage. These ongoing pressures and their consequences should be taken into account for sustainable management of İğneada protection area. Thus, this proposal intends to contribute to the sustainable resource use in İğneada through landscape ecology and latest technology approach.

Esbah, H., Yıldızcı, A. C., Türkoğlu, H., Terzi, F., Güler, G. (2010- present) (COST-110Y015)

A Methodology Proposal to Landscape Identify Identity Indice of Rural Settlement- Aegean Region Case

Rural settlements differ from urban environment by the factors such as population size and density, economic activities and quality of natural environment. Compare with the urban areas in terms of size and diversity of economic activities and the heterogeneity of social structure, rural settlements are relatively more homogenous, small and represents variety in terms of compliance with nature and diversity of natural environment. Global market requirements, technological innovations, development in communication and information technologies, urbanization process and changes in lifestyles of contemporary society appear as the main drivers of change of urban and rural environment. Urban areas respond to those changes by the reorganization of the spatial setting with new functions whereas the effects of those changes in rural areas would be more dramatic that lead the loss of local characteristics. Overall effects of all of those changes can be observed from the landscape quality of settlements. This process is called landscape change to represent the changes observed in traditional landscapes by the integration of new functions. Within this process the balance between urban-rural has changed in a way in which urban character become more prominent that lead the emergence of hybrid typologies polarized between rural and urban areas. Controlling the pace of this change and protection of the landscape identity of rural areas has recently been recognized as an important constituting part of developing international policies. This situation has been emphasized with respect to new amendments in World Heritage Convention (which is approved in 1972 and changed to include cultural landscapes) and European Landscape Convention (2000) with an emphasis on landscapes as an international policy instrument. As a general trend rural settlements are approached like an urban areas with the same parameters and the same aspects. The qualities and quantities, that make the settlement distinctive, should be taken into consideration to protect the unique structure of the settlement and to control the mode of development to make it compatible with the identity o the settlement. Identity based concepts are tend to be descriptive and based on qualitative researches. It is believed that a new approach is needed to identify the landscape identity components and to assess the level of contribution of the component to create an identifiable landscape by using quantitative methods. The aim of this research is to propose a quantitative method to identify the components of landscape identity of rural settlements and examine the spatial distribution of those identity components within a defined geography. Aegean region is selected as the case study of the research with its rich rural pattern defined by the combination of diverse geomorphology, unique rural architectural character, climatic conditions, rural economy and socio-cultural structures. With this respect, different from the urban identity studies, it is proposed that the features that is represented as “rural settlement identity” should be evaluated in detail and in a holistic manner in the light of “rural landscape identity” concept.

Erdem Kaya, M., Kaya, H.S., Terzi, F., Alkay, E. (2014-2017) (Tübitak 114O369)[Kırsal Yerleşim Peyzaj Kimlik İndeksinin Belirlenmesine Yönelik Yöntem Önerisi – Ege Bölgesi]

Erdem, M., Kaya, S., Terzi, F. ,Tolunay, D., Balçık, F.B, Alkay, E (2014-2017).

RE-PUBLIC: Re-making the Public Space

Throughout the world’s cities, public places are playing an ever more important role in the production of urban identity. Places, parks and gardens have become cores of contradicting demand. On the one hand, they have come under the influence of a neo-liberal commercialisation of the cities, while on the other; they have increasingly been adopted by civil society as a space of self-definition and cultural action. The old role of public space as a set format of the state and the government’s self-representation is obsolete and new approaches for a co-production of public space are needed to turn contested public space into an element of inclusive urbanity. The RE-PUBLIC IP focused on the complex and diversified layers of public space within the context of the place-making logic. It provided a platform to rethink and remake the public space as a bridge between the past, the present and the future while emphasizing the current economic-political processes and socio-spatial challenges. It constructed an interactive research and hands-on practice arena to develop a better understanding of the complex and diversified relations between space and society and the logics of place-making. While it questioned the manner in which public space is transforming cities in Europe, it identified the diversified, multi-layered and complex meaning and role of public space including the revival of cities’ image, the improvement of quality of life and liveability, influencing economic value, building inter-cultural dialogue and democracy. At the same time, it tested a number of innovative research and planning methods to improve teaching in planning studies.

Life Long Learning – Erasmus Intensive Programme, Contract no. 2013-1-TR1-ERA10-48749, Istanbul Technical University, Brandenburg Technical University, KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture, Politecnico di Torino, İstanbul, 18-29 Temmuz 2014 [Koordinatör: Türkoğlu, H., Günay, Z., Demir, M., Çelik, Ö.] [Partner kurum yürütücüleri: Becker, C.W., Fuhrmann, C., Knorr-Siedow, T., Verbeke, J., Pak, B., De Bethune, L., Fubini, A., Saporito, E.] (https://republicip2014.wordpress.com).

Assessment of Physical Landscape Identity Components of Rural Settlements of Bodrum Peninsula

Turkey has a great variety reflected in its cultural landscapes emerged through the combination of diverse climatic, geographic, socio-cultural and ethnic structure. The most prominent indicator of this variety is the rural settlements with its unique structure based on local values. Those diversity and differences make the country very suitable for identity based concepts and approaches. However, the number of studies and researches focusing on the identification of those unique characteristic and spatial analysis are limited. As a general trend rural settlements are approached like an urban areas with the same parameters and the same aspects. The qualities and quantities, that make the settlement distinctive, should be taken into consideration to protect the unique structure of the settlement and to control the mode of development to make it compatible with the identity o the settlement. The aim of this study is to asses the identity features of rural settlements of Bodrum Peninsula and provide strategies in order to protect and enhance the identity. The research is based on the idea that the landscape identity of a rural settlement can be undersatnd through investigation of two main components; physical and social and focused on physical landscape identity components of rural settlements of Bodrum Peninsula.

Erdem Kaya, M., Kaya, H.S., Terzi, F., (İTÜ BAP NO 37520)

GAUS: Gaining additional urban space

This Project aims to develop an automated system with which urban and landscape planners can make more efficient decision when assigning land use to open spaces. The significance of the study comes in the form of creating a transferale rule set to use in any urban context in the world. In order to develop this tool, this research used Istanbul and Berlin as a training sites, and then the tool was applied to Bochum case for testing its utility. The research team first classified the high resolution ikonos images of training sites and applied the decision tree to Bochum. The result was a very high accuracy classification in both the training and testing sites. Meanwhile, a group of experts have developed the criteria and their rating for multi criteria analysis of land use decision making. The final stage included the creation of the automated systems of land use determination for each potential open space through a MATLAB procedure. The model pursued smart growth approach and hence onserving compact development which respects sensitive ecosystems such as wetlands and forests in the study sites. Even though the tool was generated in the Turkish and German context it has a potential to be utilized in any urban situation all around the world.

Maktav, D., Sunar, F. Esbah, H., Baycan, T. (2009-2012) (INTEN-C BMBF project- 108Y247), (German Team: Sigmund, A. and Jurgens, C.)

İstanbul Project – İstanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study: Zeyrek, Süleymaniye and Yenikapı

The aim of the study is to formulate general planning determinants and to propose the conservation strategies that maintain the appropriate and contemporary development of the social and physical/environmental fabric of the chosen areas of Istanbul Historic Peninsula, namely Zeyrek, Suleymaniye and Yenikapi while preserving their historical, archaeological, natural, architectural and functional values. It leads an outstanding example for conservation of cultural assets in Turkey of a world heritage project, a comprehensive documentary of cultural assets, an integrated conservation and development approach. The Project received Medal in European Union Prize for Culture Heritage/Europa Nostra Awards 2004 within the Category 2, Outstanding Study in the Field of Cultural Heritage, for the comprehensive documentation of unique cultural assets and an integrated approach to urban conservation and historic revitalisation. The study contains four volumes. The first volume presents a brief summary of the conservation approach to cultural assets in Turkey. The other three volumes contain detailed physical and social survey, evaluation and conservation proposals of the case studies. The cases are three of the scarce historic districts where the original settlement pattern have been preserved. Istanbul Project is an outstanding example for conservation of cultural assets in Turkey. At the heart, there is an integrated approach to urban conservation and historic revitalization combining a number of actions that address environmental, social and economic concerns facing world heritage sites of universal concern. The need to balance physical, social and economic elements and to assure implementation and financial strategy are new attempts for the Historic Peninsula, also for Turkey of building common basis within the content of European Union membership. Secondly, it provides a comprehensive documentary of cultural assets including three-dimensional evaluation. Finally, it brings concrete evidence that Turkey is attempting to be active in conservation of World Cultural Heritage, at the time to be excluded from the List.

Contract No. 700.624.0.1. UNESCO/World Heritage Centre, İTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi, Çevre ve Şehircilik Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi, İstanbul, Ekim 2002-Mart 2003 [Zeren Gülersoy, N. (Proje yürütücüsü), Tezer, A., Genli Yiğiter, R., Koramaz, T.K., Günay, Z.].

 İstanbul Kültürel Miras Alanlarında Mevcut Sosyo-Ekonomik Araştırmaların Coğrafi Kodlama Tekniği İle Mekânsallaştırılarak Mekânsal Analiz ve Sentezlerin Üretilmesi ve Eylem Alanlarının Tespit Edilmesi

Terzi, F. (2017). İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

İklim Değişikliği Eylem Planı Kapsamında Kültür, Turizm ve Ticaret Sektörü için İklim Değişikliği Risk, Fırsat ve Kırılganlıkları Çalışması

Terzi, F. ve Türkoğlu, H. (2017). Mavi Danışmanlık, İSTAÇ ve İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

İstanbul’da Tarihi ve Kültürel Miras Alanlarında Potansiyel Meydanların Belirlenmesi

Terzi, F., Seçkin, Y. Ç., Gürler, E.E., Kaya, H.S., Yılmaz, M., Okumuş D.E (2016). ARGE-Tasarım Projesi, İBB Kültürel Miras Koruma Müdürlüğü & İTÜNOVA Teknoloji AŞ.

Mekânsal Risklerin Yönetiminde Ekolojik Planlama Odaklı Katılımcı Planlama Modelinin Geliştirilmesi

Tezer, A., Okay, N., Uzun, O., Terzi, F., Köylü, P., Karaçor, E.K. (2015-2018). TÜBİTAK ARDEB 1001 Projesi. Proje No: 115K475

Fiziksel Aktiviteyi Teşvik Edici Yapılaşmış Çevre Etmenleri İle Obeziteyi Önlemek: İlköğretim Öğrencilerinde Okula Yürüyerek Erişim

Özbil, A.T. (Yürütücü), Terzi, F (Danışman) (2014-2016) . TÜBİTAK-3501 Kariyer Projesi, Proje No: 113K796.

Gaziosmanpaşa İlçesi’nde Güvenli Yerleşim için Mekânsal Risk Yönetim Kapasitesinin Geliştirilmesi

Kadıoğlu, M., Okay, N., Tezer, A., Terzi, F. (2016). GOP Belediyesi & İTÜNOVA Teknoloji A.Ş.

Mekânsal Büyümenin Planlama Destek Sistemleri Yardımıyla Senaryo Tabanlı Modellenmesi: Sakarya Örneği

Terzi, F. (2015) . İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi.

İstanbul’da Yaşam Kalitesinin Ölçülmesi

Türkoğlu H., Terzi, F., Şeker, M., Taylan, H., Şar, A.H (2014). 2014 yılı Yenilikçi Mali Destek Programı ISTKA Projesi, İBB-Yaşam Kalitesi İzleme Merkezi ve İstanbul Kalkınma Ajansı, Proje No: YEN/0060.

URBAN-NET Urban Resilience and Sustainable Urban Development for Ecosystem Services

Tezer, A., Şen, Ö.L., Türk, Ş.Ş., Terzi, F. (2011-2014). Sweden, The Netherlands, Turkey, funded by EU Urban NET. [Kentsel Dayanıklılık ve Ekosistem Servisleri için Sürdürülebilir Kent Planlama başlıklı URBAN-NET projesi-110K350].